Bail of 136.122 pesos is imposed on Zapatista political prisoner from Toniná
San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, December 18, 2015.- 136,122 pesos was the fine paid by the families of Zapatista support base José Alfonso Cruz Espinosa, owner of the land in San Antonio Toniná where the Toniná Archaeological Zone is located, to get him out on bail after 10 days of arbitrary imprisonment in the prison of El Encino. On the 1st January, 1994, this property was within the territory recuperated by the Zapatista Army of National Liberation after the insurrection. Since then the counter-offensive by the Mexican government began, and they set up a military camp in the area; after its installation the archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History came -shouting through their actions "Death to the living Indians and life to the dead ones", in this way revindicating that first national cultural policy promoted by the government of Porfirio Diaz.
The most recent counterinsurgency offensive against the Zapatistas began in Tonina on 13th April, 2008; the archaeologist Juan Yadeum Angulo, an official from the archaeological site, who in fact behaved as if he was the feudal lord and master, in complicity with the director of the Museum Julisa Camacho Ramirez Camacho, began the pressure to demand that the Zapatista José Alfonso Cruz Espinosa sell his property in San Antonio Toniná. Since then, the judicial proceedings against him have not stopped.
On 20th December, 2012, at the start of his tenure as governor of Chiapas, Manuel Velasco Coello announced the cancellation of the arrest warrant against the Zapatista support base Alfonso Cruz Espinosa, in a public communication which stated "With these actions, the State Government reiterates its commitment to respect and make a decisive contribution towards detente, in order to promote a climate of tolerance and peace." We see that these statements from the governor are all talk, since not only was the arrest warrant not cancelled, but it was executed on 10th November 2015, violating his rights to due process rights by keeping him incommunicado and without the right to a legal defence.
We also observe how the archaeological investigations are used as part of the counterinsurgency process against the Zapatista communities in Chiapas.
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